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Chronology of the Apostolic Age


 

Chronological Table of the Apostolic Age

  

Philip Schaff's Chronological Table of the Apostolic Age from his "History of the Chistian Church"

A.D.

Scripture History

Events In Palestine

Events in the Roman Empire

  

6

Birth of Christ

Death of Herod I. or the Great (a.u. 750, or b.c. 4). Archelaus in Judaea, Samaria, and Idumea; Herod Antipas in Galilee and Peraea, and Philip in Auranitis, Trachonitis, Paneas, and Batanaea. Archelaus deposed, and Judaea made a Roman province

Augustus Emperor of Rome, b.c. 27-a.d. 14.

  

9

His visit to the Temple at twelve years of age

Cyrenius (Quirinius), Governor of Syria (for the second time). The registration, or, “taxing.” Act_5:37. Revolt of “Judas of Galilee.” Coponius Procurator of Judaea. Marcus Ambivius Procurator

 

  

12

 

 

Tiberius colleague of Augustus

  

13

 

Annius Rufus Procurator (about)

 

  

14

 

Valerius Gratus Procurator

Augustus dies. Tiberius sole emperor (14-37)

  

26

 

Pontius Pilate Procurator from a.d. 26

 

  

 

Christ’s Baptism.

Caiaphas high priest from a.d. 26

 

  

 

His three years’ ministry.

 

 

  

36

His Crucifixion, Resurrection (April), and Ascension (May). Descent of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost Birthday of the Church (May). Acts, Act_2:1-47.

 Marcellus Procurator Pilate sent to Rome by the Prefect of Syria

 

  

37

Martyrdom of Stephen. Act_7:1-60.

Maryllus appointed Hipparch

Caligula Emperor (37-41)

  

37

Peter and John in Samaria. Act_8:1-40.

Herod Agrippa I King of Judea and Samaria

 

  

 

Conversion of Saul . Act_9:1-43, comp. 22 and 26, and Gal_1:16; 1Co_15:8.

 

 

  

41

Saul’s escape from Damascus, and first visit to Jerusalem (after his conversion). Gal_1:18. Admission of Cornelius into the Church. Act_10:1-48 and Act_11:1-30.

 

Philo at Rome Claudius Emperor (41-54)

  

 

Persecution of the Church in Jerusalem. James the Elder, the son of Zebedee, beheaded. Peter imprisoned and delivered. He leaves Palestine. Act_12:2-23.

Herod Agrippa I dies at Caesarea

 

  

 

Paul’s second visit to Jerusalem, with alms from the church at Antioch. Act_11:30

 

Conquest of Britain, 43-51

  

 

Paul is set apart as an apostle. Act_13:2.

Cuspius Fadus Procurator of Judea

 

  

46

 

Tiberius Alexander Procurator

 

  

47

 

Ventidius Cumanus Procurator

 

  

 

Paul’s first missionary journey with Barnabas and Mark, Cyprus, Pisidia, Lystra, Derbe. Return to Antioch. Act_13:1-52 and Act_14:1-28.

 

 

  

 

The Epistle of James (variously dated from 44 to (62).

 

 

  

 

The apostolic council of Jerusalem. Conflict between Jewish and Gentile Christianity. Paul’s third visit to Jerusalem with Barnabas find Titus. Peaceful adjustment of the question of circumcision. Act_15:1-41 and Gal_2:1-10.

 

 

  

 

Temporary collision with Peter and Barnabas at Antioch. Gal_2:11-14.

 

 

  

51

Paul sets out on his second missionary journey from Antioch to Asia Minor (Cilicia, Lycaonia, Galatia, Troas) and Greece (Philippi, Thessalonica, Beraea, Athens, Corinth). The Christianization of Europe. Act_15:36 to Act_18:22

Antonius Felix Procurator

 

  

52

Paul at Corinth a year and a half. Writes First and Second Epistles to the Thessalonians from Corinth.

The Tetrarchy of Trachonitis given to Herod Agrippa II (the last of the Herodian family)

Decree of Claudius banishing Jews from Rome

  

54 55

Paul’s, fourth visit to Jerusalem (spring). Short stay at Antioch. Enters (autumn, 54) on his third missionary journey, occupying about four years. Paul at Ephesus, 54 to 57. Act_19:1-41).

 Revolt of the Sicarii, headed by an Egyptian (Act_21:38)

Nero Emperor

  

 

Paul writes to the Galatians (?) from Ephesus or from some part of Greece on his journey to Corinth (57). Act_20:1-38.

 

 

  

 

Paul writes First Epistle to the Corinthians from Ephesus; starts for Macedonia and writes Second Epistle to the Corinthians from Macedonia.

 

 

  

 

Epistle to the Romans from Corinth, where he spent three months. He visits (the fifth time) Jerusalem; is apprehended, brought before Felix, and imprisoned at Caesarea for two years. Acts, Act_21:17 to Act_26:32.

 

 

  

60

Paul appears before Festus, appeals to Caesar, is sent to Italy (in autumn). Shipwreck at Malta. Act_27:1-44 and Act_28:1-31.

Porcius Festus Procurator

 

  

61

Arrives a prisoner at Rome (in spring).

Embassy from Jerusalem to Rome rspecting the wall.

War with Boadicea in Britain

  

 

Paul writes to the Philippians, Ephesians, Colossians, Philemon, from his prison in Rome.

 

Apollonius of Tyana at the Olympic games

  

62

Martyrdom of James, the Lord’s brother, at Jerusalem (according to Josephus, or 69 according to Hegesippus).

 

Josephus at Rome

  

 

Paul is supposed to have been released. Act_28:30

Albinus Procurator

 

  

 

Epistle to the Hebrews, written from Italy after the release of Timothy (Heb_13:23).

 

 

  

 

First Epistle of Peter. Epistle of Jude (?). Second Epistle of Peter

Gessius Florus Procurator

Great fire at Rome (in July); first imperial persecution of the Christians (martyrdom of Peter and Paul)

  

65

The Synoptical Gospels and Acts

Beginning of the great war between the Romans and the Jews

Seneca and Lucan put to death by Nero

  

 

Paul visits Crete and Macedonia, and writes First Epistle to Timothy, and Epistle to Titus (?). Paul writes Second Epistle to Timothy (?)

Vespasian General in Palestine

 

  

 

Paul’s and Peter’s martyrdom in Rome (?).

 

 

  

68

The Revelation of John

 

Galba Emperor

  

69

 

 

Otho and Vitellius Emperor

  

69

 

 

Vespasian Emperor

  

70

 

Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus

 

  

76

 

(Josephus released)

Coliseum begun

  

79

 

 

Destruction of Pompeii and Heraculaneum

  

79

 

 

Titus Emperor

  

91

John writes his Gospel and Epistles (?).

 

Domitian Emperor

  

95 96

John writes the Revelation

 

Persecution of Christians Nerva Emperor

  

97

 

 

Death of Apollonius

  

98

Death of John.

 

Trajan Emperor