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Jerusalem - History and Significance


1.     It was the place where Abraham fellowshiped with its mysterious king-priest Melchizedek.

Gen. 14:18

2.     Joshua later defeated its wicked king Adonizedek during Israel’s southern campaign invasion of Palestine.

Josh. 10:1

3.     It was taken temporarily by the tribe of Judah around 1425 b.c.

Judg. 1:8

4.     It was the location of a vile sexual crime committed by the perverted Jebusites who controlled it around 1405 b.c.

Judg. 19:22–30

5.     It was captured by David around 1050 b.c. and made the capital of his kingdom.

2 Sam. 5:6–12; 6:1–19

6.     It was temporarily taken by Absalom around 1020 b.c.

2 Sam. 16:15

7.     Solomon built the temple around 1005 b.c.

1 Kings 6

8.     It was plundered by Shishak, king of Egypt, during Rehoboam’s reign around 925 b.c.

1 Kings 14:25–28; 2 Chron. 12:2–12

9.     It was plundered by the Philistines and the Arabians during Jehoram’s reign around 890 b.c.

2 Chron. 21:16–17

10.     It was plundered by the Syrians during the reign of Joash around 850 b.c.

2 Chron. 24:23–24

11.     It was plundered by northern Israel during Amaziah’s reign around 800 b.c.

2 Chron. 25:23

12.     It was surrounded by Sennacherib’s Assyrian army during Hezekiah’s reign around 710 b.c.

2 Chron. 32

13.     Manasseh, its wicked king, was briefly captured by the Assyrians around 690 b.c.

2 Chron. 33

14.     It was taken briefly by Pharaoh-Neco after King Josiah’s death around 630 b.c.

2 Kings 23:28–37

15.     It was besieged by Nebuchadnezzar during the reign of Jehoiachin around 598 b.c.

2 Kings 24:10–16

16.     It was destroyed and the temple burned by Nebuchadnezzar during the reign of Zedekiah, Judah’s last king, around 588 b.c.

2 Kings 25

17.     It began to be reconstructed after the decree of Cyrus around 536 b.c.

Ezra 1

18.     The temple was dedicated by Zerubbabel around 516 b.c.

Ezra 3:8–13

19.     The walls of the city were completed under Nehemiah around 445 b.c.

Neh. 6:15

20.     Alexander the Great visited the city in 332 b.c.


21.     Jerusalem was captured by Ptolemy Soter in 320 b.c.


22.     It was annexed to Egypt in 302.


23.     The walls were destroyed and its temple desecrated by Antiochus Epiphanes in 170 b.c.


24.     The temple was cleansed and rededicated by Mattathias of the Hasmonean dynasty, 167–164 b.c.


25.     Jerusalem was captured by the Roman general Pompey in 63 b.c.


26.     The walls were rebuilt by Antipater (Herod the Great’s father) in 44 b.c.


27.     In 20 b.c., Herod the Great began his world-famous project of enlarging and rebuilding the temple begun by Zerubbabel. It was built of large blocks of white stone and its facade was plated with gold, so that at a distance it resembled a mountain covered with snow. It cost many millions and took 46 years to complete.

See John 2:20

28.     Jesus was dedicated.

Luke 2:1–38

29.     He attended the Passover when he was 12

Luke 2:41–50

30.     He cleansed the temple.

John 2:13–17

31.     He spoke to Nicodemus.

John 3:1–16

32.     He healed a 38-year-old invalid.

John 5:8

33.     He preached on the Holy Spirit during the Feast of the Tabernacles.

John 7:10–39

34.     He forgave an adulterous woman.

John 8:1–11

35.     He preached on the Devil and his children.

John 8:33–59

36.     He healed a man born blind.

John 9:7

37.     He preached a sermon on the Good Shepherd.

John 10:1–18

38.     He made his triumphal entry.

John 12:12–15

39.     He cursed the fig tree.

Matt. 21:19

40.     He utterly condemned the wicked Pharisees.

Matt. 23:1–36

41.     He preached the Mount Olivet discourse.

Matt. 24–25

42.     He wept over the city.

Luke 19:41; Matt. 23:37–39

43.     He conducted the service in the Upper Room.

John 13–14

44.     He preached on the vine and branches.

John 15–16

45.     He prayed his great high priestly prayer.

John 17

46.     He was arrested in Gethsemane.

Matt. 26:47–56

47.     He restored a severed ear.

Matt. 26:51

48.     He was condemned to death.

Matt. 27:26

49.     He was crucified.

Matt. 27:27–50

50.     He was buried.

Matt. 27:57–60

51.     He rose from the dead.

Matt. 28:1–10

52.     He visited the Upper Room for the first time after his resurrection.

Luke 24:36–43; John 20:19–23

53.     He visited the Upper Room for the second time.

John 20:24–29

54.     He visited the Upper Room for the third and final time.

Mark 16:14–18; Luke 24:44–49

55.     The disciples conducted a prayer meeting in the Upper Room.

Acts 1:12–26

56.     Peter preached his first sermon at Pentecost.

Acts 2:14–41

57.     The lame man was healed by Peter and John.

Acts 3:1–11

58.     Peter preached his second sermon.

Acts 3:12–26

59.     The disciples experienced their first persecution.

Acts 4:1–3

60.     Peter preached his third sermon.

Acts 4:5–12

61.     The disciples conducted a mighty prayer meeting.

Acts 4:23–31

62.     Ananias and Sapphira were judged and died.

Acts 5:1–11

63.     The disciples experienced their second persecution.

Acts 5:17–28, 40–42

64.     The first deacons were chosen.

Acts 6:1–7

65.     Stephen became the first martyr for Jesus after the Ascension; the disciples’ third persecution began.

Acts 6:8–7:60

66.     The disciples experienced their fourth persecution.

Acts 8:1–3

67.     Saul returned to Jerusalem after his mighty conversion and was vouched for by Barnabas.

Acts 9:26–28

68.     A famine hit the city.

Acts 11:27–30

69.     The disciples experienced their fifth persecution.

Acts 12:1–19

70.     The council on circumcision was held.

Acts 15

71.     Paul was arrested.

Acts 21:17–23:22

72.     The temple and city of Jerusalem were destroyed by Titus the Roman general on September 8, a.d. 70.

Matt. 24:2

b.c. Before Christ

a.d. Anno Domini